Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • In Your Element
  • Published:

Ionic liquids charge ahead

Choline 2-hexenoate is an ionic compound that is a liquid at room temperature, and is just one of a class of compounds that have huge potential in biomedical research and clinical applications, explains Eden E. L. Tanner.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. Rây, P. C. & Rakshit, J. N. J. Chem. Soc. Trans. 99, 1470–1475 (1911).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Walden, P. Bull. l’Academie Imp. des Sci. St.-petersbg. 8, 405–422 (1914).

    Google Scholar 

  3. Chen, L. et al. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 53, 11762–11765 (2014).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Curreri, A. M., Mitragotri, S. & Tanner, E. E. L. Adv. Sci. 8, 2004819 (2021).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Kim, J. et al. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA (2022).

  6. Hamadani, C. M. et al. Nanoscale 14, 6021–6036 (2022).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Hamadani, C. M., Goetz, M. J., Mitragotri, S. & Tanner, E. E. L. Sci. Adv. 6, eabd7563 (2020).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Eden E. L. Tanner.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Tanner, E.E.L. Ionic liquids charge ahead. Nat. Chem. 14, 842 (2022).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing: Translational Research

Sign up for the Nature Briefing: Translational Research newsletter — top stories in biotechnology, drug discovery and pharma.

Get what matters in translational research, free to your inbox weekly. Sign up for Nature Briefing: Translational Research