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Bioassays: Universal sensitivity booster

Nature Biomedical Engineering volume 1, Article number: 0088 (2017) | Download Citation

A universal ‘add-on’ method based on the ultrafast and localized deposition of polydopamine amplifies the sensitivity of a variety of bioassays for clinical diagnostics.

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Author information


  1. Shana O. Kelley is in the Departments of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Biochemistry and Chemistry, and at the Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, 144 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3M2, Canada.

    • Shana O. Kelley


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Competing interests

S.O.K. has filed patents on diagnostic technologies and is a shareholder of Xagenic Inc., a company developing clinical diagnostics.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Shana O. Kelley.

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