Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Planetary science

The symphony of Jupiter

Forty-year monitoring of Jupiter reveals long-term oscillations and teleconnections across the north–south hemispheres and upper–lower atmospheres. This discovery has important implications for the atmospheres of exoplanets and brown dwarfs.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: Forty-year temperature grooves on Jupiter, much like a steady beat in music, are depicted in this global infrared portrait.

International Gemini Observatory/NOIRLAB/NSF/AURA.


  1. Salinger, M. J. Increasing Climate Variability and Change 9–29 (Springer, 2005).

  2. Orton, G. S. et al. Nat. Astron. (2022).

  3. Leovy, C. B., Friedson, A. J. & Orton, G. S. Nature 354, 380–382 (1991).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  4. Moron, V. & Ward, M. N. Weather 53, 287–295 (1998).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  5. Taylor, G. I. Proc. R. Soc. Lon. A 93, 99–113 (1917).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  6. Friedson, A. J. Icarus 137, 34–55 (1999).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  7. The Quasi-biennial Oscillation (QBO) (NASA, 2023);

  8. Antuñano, A. et al. Geophys. Res. Lett. 45, 10987–10995 (2018).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  9. Fletcher, L. N. et al. Geophys. Res. Lett. 44, 7140–7148 (2017).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  10. Zhang, X. Res. Astron. Astrophys. 20, 99 (2020).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  11. Pearl, J. C. et al. Icarus 84, 12–28 (1990).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Xi Zhang.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zhang, X. The symphony of Jupiter. Nat Astron 7, 130–131 (2023).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing