Lessons in space regulations from the lunar tardigrades of the Beresheet hard landing

The recent disclosure regarding possible biological consequences of the Beresheet hard landing on the Moon raises concerns relating to planetary protection policies. Here we analyse legal and regulatory aspects of the landing of tardigrades and other biological material on the Moon and suggest possible ways to manage challenges arising therefrom.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1.

    Pugel, D. E. B., Rummel, J. D. & Conley, C. IEEE Aerospace Conf. 1–10 (IEEE, 2017).

  2. 2.

    Edgington, S. G. & Spilker, L. J. Nat. Geosci. 9, 472–473 (2016).

  3. 3.

    Favero, M. S. Environ. Biol. Med. 1, 27–36 (1971).

  4. 4.

    Weronika, E. & Łukasz, K. Orig. Life Evol. Biosph. 47, 545–553 (2017).

  5. 5.

    Rummel, J. D. Adv. Space Res. 30, 1573–1575 (2002).

  6. 6.

    Mitchell, F. J. & Ellis, W. L. Lunar and Planetary Science Conf. Proc. 2, 2721–2733 (1971).

  7. 7.

    Rummel, J. D. Int. J. Astrobiol. 3, S7–S8 (2004).

  8. 8.

    Horneck, G. Orig. Life Evol. Biosph. 23, 37–52 (1993).

  9. 9.

    Gronstal, A. et al. Astrobiology 7, 767–782 (2007).

  10. 10.

    Millwood, S. Air Space Law 43, 521–542 (2018).

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Dov Greenbaum.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Shahar, K., Greenbaum, D. Lessons in space regulations from the lunar tardigrades of the Beresheet hard landing. Nat Astron (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41550-020-1034-2

Download citation