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PhD bridge programmes as engines for access, diversity and inclusion


The lack of diversity in physics and astronomy PhD programmes is well known but has not improved despite decades of efforts. PhD bridge programmes provide an asset-based model to help overcome the societal and disciplinary obstacles to improving access and inclusion for students from underrepresented groups and are beginning to show some success. We describe several well-known PhD bridge programmes in the United States and discuss lessons learned from their experiences. Many of these lessons can be extended more broadly to physics and astronomy PhD programmes to increase access, diversity and inclusion.

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Fig. 1: Cal-Bridge South Cohort 5.

Cal-Bridge Program


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Correspondence to Alexander L. Rudolph.

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Rudolph, A.L., Holley-Bockelmann, K. & Posselt, J. PhD bridge programmes as engines for access, diversity and inclusion. Nat Astron 3, 1080–1085 (2019).

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