Preplanetary nebulae and planetary nebulae are evolved, mass-losing stellar objects that show a wide variety of morphologies. Many of these nebulae consist of outer structures that are nearly spherical (spiral/shell/arc/halo) and inner structures that are highly asymmetric (bipolar/multipolar)1,2. The coexistence of such geometrically distinct structures is enigmatic because it hints at the simultaneous presence of both wide and close binary interactions, a phenomenon that has been attributed to stellar binary systems with eccentric orbits3. Here, we report high-resolution molecular line observations of the circumstellar spiral-shell pattern of AFGL 3068, an asymptotic giant branch star transitioning to the preplanetary nebula phase. The observations clearly reveal that the dynamics of the mass loss is influenced by the presence of an eccentric-orbit binary. This quintessential object opens a window on the nature of deeply embedded binary stars through the circumstellar spiral-shell patterns that reside at distances of several thousand au from the stars.
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This paper makes use of the following ALMA data: ADS/JAO.ALMA#2013.1.00179.S. ALMA is a partnership of the European Southern Observatory (representing its member states), the National Science Foundation (USA) and the National Institutes of Natural Sciences (Japan), together with the National Research Council (Canada), the National Science Council and Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (Taiwan), and Korea Astronomy (Taiwan), Space Science Institute (Republic of Korea), in cooperation with the Republic of Chile. The Joint ALMA Observatory is operated by the European Southern Observatory, Associated Universities, Inc. National Radio Astronomy Observatory and the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. H.K. acknowledges support through the East Asian Core Observatories Association Fellowship, and thanks F. Kemper for encouraging the project and reviewing an early version of the manuscript. R.S.’s contribution to this research was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with NASA, with financial support in part from a NASA/STScI HST award (GO 11676.02).
The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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Kim, H., Trejo, A., Liu, SY. et al. The large-scale nebular pattern of a superwind binary in an eccentric orbit. Nat Astron 1, 0060 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41550-017-0060
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