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Seventeen ‘extinct’ plant species back to conservation attention in Europe


Seventeen European endemic plant species were considered extinct, but improved taxonomic and distribution knowledge as well as ex situ collecting activities brought them out of the extinct status. These species have now been reported into a conservation framework that may promote legal protection and in situ and ex situ conservation.

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All data and sources of data (including links) used in the manuscript have been reported in the reference list or in Table 1.


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We thank the following colleagues for providing important information on one or more species: S. Sharrock (Botanic Garden Conservation International), M. Nickols (Botanic Garden of Kiel University, Germany), E. von Raab-Straube (University of Berlin, Germany), J.-M. Tison (L’Isle d’Abeau, France), R. Cubey (Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Scotland), P. Harvey (Shetland Amenity Trust, Scotland), M. C. Villani (Padua Botanic Garden, Italy), M. Vidali and F. Martini (University of Trieste, Italy), D. Viciani (University of Firenze, Italy), G. Domina (University of Palermo, Italy), G. P. Giusso del Galdo (University of Catania, Italy), E. Banfi (Natural History Museum of Milan, Italy), R. Jaén-Molina (Jardín Botánico Canario ‘Viera y Clavijo’—UA-CSIC, Gran Canaria, Spain), R. Gabriel (University of the Azores, Portugal), S. Sá Fontinha (Regional Secretariat for Environment and Natural Resources, Madeira, Portugal), C. Freitas (Regional Secretariat of Energy, Environment and Tourism, Azores, Portugal), E. J. Gouda (Utrecht University Botanic Gardens, Netherlands), C. Gomes (National Museum of Natural History and Science, Portugal), G. Nieto Feliner (Real Jardín Botánico—CSIC, Madrid, Spain), I. Marques (University of Lisbon, Portugal), S. Bogdanovic (University of Zagreb, Croatia), A. Efremov (Omsk, Russia), V. M. Ostapko (Donetsk Botanic Garden, Ukraine), A. Gnatiuk (M. M.Gryshko National Botanical Garden, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine) and A. Strid (Denmark). We thank the Grant of Excellence Departments, MIUR-Italy (ARTICOLO 1, COMMI 314 – 337 LEGGE 232/2016), for supporting one of the authors (T.A.).

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Authors and Affiliations



T.A. and G.A.R. conceived the idea and wrote the manuscript. Z.B. reviewed the species for Hungary, Ukraine and the Balkans. I.B. reviewed the species for Greece. D.D. reviewed the species for Portugal and revised the material of A. arcuata. P.G. reviewed the species for France. J.M.I., E.L. and J.C.M.-S. reviewed the species for Spain and the Azores. F.B. reviewed the species for Italy, Malta and Croatia and revised the taxonomy. All authors contributed to the several versions of this manuscript, including the design of Table 1.

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Correspondence to Giulia Albani Rocchetti.

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Peer review information Nature Plants thanks Richard Olmstead and the other, anonymous, reviewer(s) for their contribution to the peer review of this work.

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Abeli, T., Albani Rocchetti, G., Barina, Z. et al. Seventeen ‘extinct’ plant species back to conservation attention in Europe. Nat. Plants 7, 282–286 (2021).

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