Table 3 Descriptive statistics of the results reported in the included studies, by level (adoption, productivity and livelihoods) and type of feed intervention

From: A scoping review of feed interventions and livelihoods of small-scale livestock keepers

Indicators Planted forages Agroforestry Crop residues
Adoption
N (total) 43 19 6
N (studies with usable data) 32 11 3
 Adoption range 0–90% 8–87% 20–86%
Productivity
N (total) 18 6 38
N (studies with usable data) 2 1 6
 Productivity change range 10–30% 0% 7–61%
Livelihoods
N (total) 18 7 1
 Household income change range (N) 6–285% (5) 10–80% (3) NA (0)
 Gross margin change range (N) 58–519% (3) 239% (1) NA (0)
 Labour use change range (N) −70 to −24% (5) NA (0) NA (0)