Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


A Jurassic leap for flowering plants

Comprehensive phylogenomics and molecular dating support a Triassic origin for flowering plants that is substantially earlier than their appearance in the fossil record, leaving a puzzling gap spanning the entire Jurassic period.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: A proposed timeline for the origin and evolution of flowering plants.


  1. Friedman, W. E. Am. J. Bot. 96, 5–21 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Zeng, L. et al. Nat. Commun. 5, 4956 (2014).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Li, H.-T. et al. Nat. Plants (2019).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Wickett, N. J. et al. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 111, E4859–E4868 (2014).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Misof, B. et al. Science 346, 763–767 (2014).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. McKenna, D. D. et al. Syst. Entomol. 40, 835–880 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Farrell, B. D. Science 24, 555–559 (1998).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Beaulieu, J. M., O’Meara, B. C., Crane, P. & Donoghue, M. J. Syst. Biol. 64, 869–878 (2015).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Johnson, M. et al. Syst. Biol. 0, 1–13 (2018).

    Google Scholar 

  10. Li, Z. et al. Sci. Adv. 1, e1501084 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jennifer R. Mandel.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Mandel, J.R. A Jurassic leap for flowering plants. Nat. Plants 5, 455–456 (2019).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing