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  • Brief Communication
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The demise of the largest and oldest African baobabs

Matters Arising to this article was published on 17 May 2024

An Author Correction to this article was published on 02 July 2018

This article has been updated


The African baobab is the biggest and longest-living angiosperm tree. By using radiocarbon dating we identified the stable architectures that enable baobabs to reach large sizes and great ages. We report that 9 of the 13 oldest and 5 of the 6 largest individuals have died, or at least their oldest parts/stems have collapsed and died, over the past 12 years; the cause of the mortalities is still unclear.

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Fig. 1: Life and death of the historic Chapman baobab.

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Change history

  • 02 July 2018

    In Supplementary Table 1 originally published with this Brief Communication, the authors gave an incorrect GPS easterly coordinate for tree number 12 (Makulu Makete Big baobab); the coordinate ‘2° 34.584' S, 25° 52.261' E’ should have read ‘22° 34.584' S, 28° 52.261' E’. This has now been amended in the online Supplementary Information file for this Brief Communication.


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The investigation and collection of samples from the trees was approved and authorised by the South African National Parks, the Kruger National Park, the Mapungubwe National Park, the Ministry of Environment and Tourism of Namibia and the Department of Wildlife and National Parks of Botswana, the South Luangwa National Park. We thank H. and D. van Heerden, P. Philips and J. Chidgey, C. and Y. Liversage, L. Duplessis and R. and A. Whittall for granting permission for on-site investigation of baobabs located on their private lands. We also thank D.H. Mayne, M. Hofmeyr, S. Venter, A. Alberts, R. Wittmann, D. Dube and O. (Leon) Tsamkgao for helping to obtain permits and for participating at several field investigations. Special thanks go to J. Alexander for providing the photograph of Panke. This research was supported by the Romanian Ministry of National Education CNCS-UEFISCDI under grant PN-II-ID-PCE-2013-76 and by the Romanian Ministry of Research and Innovation CNCS-UEFISCDI under grant PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0776, no. 90/2017.

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A.P. conceived the research. A.P., S.W., R.T.P., L.R. and G.H. performed field investigations and collected samples. K.F.v.R. performed AMS measurements. A.P., S.W., R.T.P. and D.A.L. interpreted results and wrote the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Adrian Patrut.

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Supplementary Figs. 1–3, Supplementary Tables 1 and 2

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Patrut, A., Woodborne, S., Patrut, R.T. et al. The demise of the largest and oldest African baobabs. Nature Plants 4, 423–426 (2018).

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