Table 1 Study 7: attitude polarization as a function of Conditions and political orientation.

From: Wise reasoning, intergroup positivity, and attitude polarization across contexts

Study 7 (n = 791) 2-Way Condition × Target Group Interaction
F(1, 789) = 1.93, p1-/2-tailed = 0.083/0.165, η2p = 0.002
Mean positivity toward outgroup targets Polarization Mean positivity toward ingroup targets
 WRE 66.548 t = 2.34, p = 0.020 69.540
 Controls 62.906 t = 5.84, p < 0.001 68.121
 AC 63.233 t = 4.18, p < 0.001 68.605
 PC 62.592 t = 4.07, p < 0.001 67.656
  3-Way Political Orientation × Condition × Target Group Interaction
 WRE vs. controls (AC & PC) F(1, 787) = 4.808, p = 0.029, η2p = 0.006
  Political orientation → outgroup positivity Political orientation → ingroup positivity Political orientation → attitude polarization
 WRE t = −0.41, p = 0.648 t = 5.78, p < 0.001 t = 6.02, p < 0.001
 Controls t = −3.95, p < 0.001 t = 9.38, p < 0.001 t = 13.90, p < 0.001
  1. Upper partition: result of a mixed-model regression; both one-sided and two-sided tests are provided. Lower partition: result of a mixed-model regression; two-sided test is provided. WRE reduced the effect of political orientation on attitude polarization. Whereas political conservatism related to less positivity to outgroup targets in Control Conditions, whether taken combined or separately, there was no such relation in WRE. Further, whereas conservatism predicted strong positivity to ingroup targets in Control Conditions, this was generally weaker in WRE.
  2. WRE Wise Reasoning Experimental Condition (n = 238), Controls Combination Of Pure Control Condition (n = 282) and Active Control Condition (n = 271), AC Active Control Condition, PC Pure Control Condition.