Table 1 Functions in the United Nations Secretary-General’s Mechanism (UNSGM) as described in the ‘Guidelines and Procedures for the Timely and Efficient Investigation of Reports of the Possible Use of Chemical and Bacteriological (Biological) or Toxin Weapons’14.

From: Strengthening the United Nations Secretary-General’s Mechanism to an alleged use of bioweapons through a quality-assured laboratory response

Role Function in the UNSGM
Secretary-General (SG) Launches investigations in case of an alleged use of a biological weapon on request of a UN Member State.
United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) Custodian of the UNSGM.
Expert consultant (nominated by the UN Member States) Advises the SG on all issues during the entire investigation.
Qualified expert (nominated by the UN Member States; selected by the SG and expert consultants for the on-site mission team) Is part of the on-site mission team;
responsible for inter alia:
 -sample-taking according to established guidelines and procedures,
 -preliminary on-site tests,
 - shipment of samples to analytical laboratories,
 - preparation of the investigation report to be submitted to the SG.
Analytical laboratories (nominated by the UN Member States) Are selected for UNSGM missions depending on tasks and agents;
are asked to:
 - analyze the samples collected by the mission team to confirm the agent causing the outbreak;
 - collect analytical evidence pertaining to an alleged use of a bioweapon.
Should fulfill at least the following requirements:
 - availability of high containment facility,
 - validated methods, including in-depth characterization and effective procedures to avoid cross-contamination,
 - robust quality management system, including security procedures for data and material protection,
 - capability to culture the agents in question,
 - demonstrated expertise in handling and analyzing potential bioterrorist agents,
 - capability to receive infectious material