Table 1 Percentage of the extended ranges of African lions (Panthera leo) and African elephants (Loxodonta africana and Loxodonta cyclotis) under different risk of conflict with humans.

From: A pan-African spatial assessment of human conflicts with lions and elephants

Country Extended-range perimeter (km) % at low risk % at moderate risk % at high risk % severe risk % at risk
Rwanda 299 0 1 0 99 100
Uganda 3036 3 9 8 50 70
Kenya 7293 10 8 4 36 57
Tanzania 10,697 32 20 12 29 93
Ethiopia 8116 10 6 2 26 44
Malawi 2090 5 1 65 23 94
Niger 315 3 37 0 21 60
South Sudan 2662 20 5 3 11 39
Cameroon 5086 19 5 6 6 36
Benin 649 31 64 1 4 100
South Africa 5326 31 0 52 3 85
Democratic Republic of Congo 11,846 12 0 11 2 26
Chad 3976 62 9 0 1 72
Burkina Faso 2399 16 2 18 1 37
Guinea 830 30 13 3 1 47
Nigeria 2882 13 5 30 1 49
Namibia 6455 38 3 8 1 49
Zambia 7988 72 2 3 1 78
Angola 2805 44 0 5 0 49
Botswana 3391 36 1 0 0 37
Central African Republic 1792 14 0 0 0 14
Congo 5393 16 0 0 0 16
Côte d’Ivoire 5105 30 0 26 0 55
Equatorial Guinea 181 71 0 0 0 71
Eritrea 451 2 0 0 0 2
Eswatini 287 0 0 1 0 1
Gabon 4732 27 0 0 0 27
Ghana 2802 30 0 10 0 40
Guinea-Bissau 373 43 0 0 0 43
Liberia 1736 4 0 0 0 4
Mali 1378 68 1 0 0 69
Mozambique 7697 70 1 10 0 81
Senegal 763 58 33 0 0 91
Sierra Leone 556 18 0 4 0 23
Somalia 1060 16 2 0 0 18
Sudan 884 5 37 0 0 43
Togo 718 41 0 36 0 77
Zimbabwe 6624 87 3 4 0 94
  1. Note: Classifications are based on the extended range of each species. Severe risk is where elephant and lion extended ranges overlap with the highest human population, crop, and cattle densities; high risk includes the highest human population and crop densities for elephants and the highest human population and cattle densities for lions; moderate risk involves the highest crop density for elephants and highest cattle density for lions; low risk includes only one human pressure, i.e., highest human population density, highest crop density, or highest cattle density. See estimates of variability in total length of perimeter and handling of uncertainty over spatial mapping in Supplementary Tables 4 and 5, and in Supplementary Figs. 5 and 6.