Table 1 Global, regional, and country-level estimates of investible carbon and return-on-investment (based on net present value).

From: Carbon prospecting in tropical forests for climate change mitigation

Region Country Investible carbon (tCO2 yr−1) Net present value (USD y−1)
Global (Pantropic) 1,783,585,000 ± 1,086,018,000 46,032,396,000 ± 29,096,730,000
Americas 809,093,000 ± 487,743,000 19,057,800,000 ± 12,002,354,000
  Brazil 426,173,000 ± 256,966,000 11,207,547,000 ± 7,015,052,000
  Bolivia 95,975,000 ± 60,827,000 2,487,060,000 ± 1,662,773,000
  Peru 51,487,000 ± 36,756,000 1,200,075,000 ± 888,182,000
  Mexico 50,817,000 ± 29,152,000 616,169,000 ± 386,136,000
  Colombia 40,162,000 ± 21,079,000 692,353,000 ± 379,808,000
  Venezuela 35,649,000 ± 20,640,000 805,333,000 ± 485,447,000
  Paraguay 25,039,000 ± 19,983,000 860,262,000 ± 706,664,000
  Guyana 18,078,000 ± 6,309,000 143,976,000 ± 57,235,000
  Ecuador 12,843,000 ± 6,671,000 305,660,000 ± 166,689,000
  Suriname 12,206,000 ± 3,947,000 102,757,000 ± 37,687,000
  Cuba 5,773,000 ± 4,017,000 77,950,000 ± 59,825,000
  Guatemala 5,643,000 ± 4,843,000 190,663,000 ± 168,034,000
  Argentina 5,453,000 ± 3,363,000 96,907,000 ± 64,996,000
  French Guiana 4,414,000 ± 1,314,000 18,503,000 ± 6,300,000
  Nicaragua 4,356,000 ± 2,613,000 41,472,000 ± 27,713,000
  Honduras 3,758,000 ± 2,300,000 44,258,000 ± 29,349,000
  Panama 2,908,000 ± 1,790,000 21,525,000 ± 14,861,000
  Belize 2,429,000 ± 1,371,000 50,709,000 ± 30,777,000
  Dominican Republic 2,224,000 ± 1,475,000 50,888,000 ± 35,840,000
  Costa Rica 1,512,000 ± 868,000 5,869,000 ± 3,824,000
  El Salvador 721,000 ± 484,000 11,890,000 ± 8,471,000
  Jamaica 458,000 ± 268,000 6,493,000 ± 4,182,000
  Trinidad and Tobago 299,000 ± 181,000 3,764,000 ± 2,521,000
  Haiti 268,000 ± 205,000 3,915,000 ± 3,214,000
  Bahamas 235,000 ± 175,000 8,516,000 ± 6,551,000
  Guadeloupe 45,000 ± 30,000 538,000 ± 388,000
  Puerto Rico 35,000 ± 22,000 875,000 ± 579,000
  Cayman Islands 24,000 ± 15,000 177,000 ± 132,000
  Turks and Caicos Islands 24,000 ± 19,000 533,000 ± 452,000
  Antigua and Barbuda 23,000 ± 19,000 627,000 ± 522,000
  Saint Lucia 21,000 ± 13,000 222,000 ± 147,000
  Martinique 13,000 ± 8,000 147,000 ± 97,000
  Grenada 9,000 ± 5,000 11,000 ± 8,000
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 6,000 ± 4,000 64,000 ± 46,000
  Curaçao 4,000 ± 3,000 8,000 ± 9,000
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 3,000 ± 2,000 5,000 ± 3,000
  Montserrat 3,000 ± 2,000 26,000 ± 20,000
  Virgin Islands, U.S. 2,000 ± 1,000 37,000 ± 27,000
  Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba 1,000 ± 1,000 6,000 ± 6,000
  Virgin Islands, British 1,000 ± 0 5,000 ± 4,000
Africa 392,659,000 ± 286,485,000 2,355,924,000 ± 1,859,685,000
  DR Congo 85,258,000 ± 45,293,000 295,462,000 ± 179,865,000
  Angola 51,008,000 ± 42,975,000 331,371,000 ± 302,712,000
  Tanzania 33,717,000 ± 29,792,000 235,594,000 ± 226,691,000
  Zambia 29,791,000 ± 25,982,000 169,617,000 ± 163,821,000
  Central African Republic 28,178,000 ± 21,167,000 41,380,000 ± 35,094,000
  Mozambique 27,671,000 ± 24,103,000 179,078,000 ± 169,465,000
  Congo 22,461,000 ± 11,264,000 198,163,000 ± 109,618,000
  Cameroon 20,546,000 ± 12,299,000 277,689,000 ± 172,424,000
  Gabon 18,982,000 ± 6,678,000 198,918,000 ± 75,359,000
  South Sudan 11,576,000 ± 11,390,000 8,147,000 ± 8,056,000
  Ethiopia 10,328,000 ± 9,863,000 80,770,000 ± 80,214,000
  Nigeria 8,291,000 ± 7,758,000 46,809,000 ± 47,219,000
  Madagascar 6,352,000 ± 5,271,000 30,719,000 ± 27,526,000
  Guinea 4,465,000 ± 3,965,000 21,594,000 ± 20,546,000
  Côte d’Ivoire 4,244,000 ± 3,385,000 21,897,000 ± 18,579,000
  Liberia 4,150,000 ± 4,143,000 2,479,000 ± 2,793,000
  Zimbabwe 3,942,000 ± 3,366,000 31,271,000 ± 27,839,000
  Ghana 3,442,000 ± 1,384,000 77,671,000 ± 32,957,000
  Kenya 2,361,000 ± 2,333,000 25,290,000 ± 26,105,000
  Equatorial Guinea 1,935,000 ± 1,947,000 3,818,000 ± 4,222,000
  Senegal 1,711,000 ± 1,505,000 3,052,000 ± 2,894,000
  Uganda 1,711,000 ± 1,737,000 6,234,000 ± 7,022,000
  Malawi 1,685,000 ± 535,000 36,083,000 ± 12,147,000
  Chad 1,552,000 ± 1,430,000 8,496,000 ± 8,446,000
  Benin 1,482,000 ± 1,473,000 3,887,000 ± 4,376,000
  Mali 960,000 ± 977,000 539,000 ± 724,000
  Guinea-Bissau 914,000 ± 926,000 69,000 ± 82,000
  Togo 901,000 ± 802,000 3,895,000 ± 3,853,000
  Sudan 816,000 ± 787,000 598,000 ± 665,000
  Sierra Leone 663,000 ± 430,000 9,949,000 ± 6,751,000
  Botswana 356,000 ± 360,000 1,827,000 ± 1,830,000
  South Africa 253,000 ± 245,000 1,211,000 ± 1,266,000
  Namibia 225,000 ± 225,000 108,000 ± 130,000
  Somalia 211,000 ± 216,000 22,000 ± 29,000
  Burkina Faso 201,000 ± 205,000 51,000 ± 60,000
  Burundi 135,000 ± 120,000 282,000 ± 261,000
  Gambia 86,000 ± 85,000 873,000 ± 900,000
  Rwanda 52,000 ± 45,000 278,000 ± 241,000
  Sao Tome and Principe 36,000 ± 17,000 723,000 ± 369,000
  Comoros 6,000 ± 4,000 2,000 ± 2,000
  Mayotte 6,000 ± 3,000 13,000 ± 9,000
Asia-Pacific 581,832,000 ± 311,790,000 24,618,672,000 ± 13,578,652,000
  Indonesia 230,478,000 ± 99,746,000 10,126,046,000 ± 4,508,720,000
  Malaysia 53,632,000 ± 21,367,000 2,598,219,000 ± 1,067,413,000
  India 49,742,000 ± 43,363,000 1,734,079,000 ± 1,560,695,000
  Thailand 39,054,000 ± 26,658,000 1,741,889,000 ± 1,217,483,000
  Myanmar 35,182,000 ± 21,480,000 1,239,052,000 ± 784,774,000
  Australia 33,746,000 ± 23,335,000 1,357,093,000 ± 968,389,000
  Cambodia 28,307,000 ± 17,179,000 1,479,793,000 ± 915,994,000
  China 28,294,000 ± 16,090,000 1,327,222,000 ± 774,169,000
  Viet Nam 24,031,000 ± 14,475,000 1,111,770,000 ± 686,509,000
  Laos 22,123,000 ± 10,166,000 932,369,000 ± 444,216,000
  Papua New Guinea 16,504,000 ± 6,223,000 139,478,000 ± 59,378,000
  Philippines 10,133,000 ± 5,156,000 346,747,000 ± 184,460,000
  Sri Lanka 4,154,000 ± 2,934,000 208,398,000 ± 149,681,000
  Bangladesh 4,154,000 ± 2,541,000 192,832,000 ± 121,009,000
  Brunei Darussalam 1,101,000 ± 432,000 43,305,000 ± 17,682,000
  Taiwan 598,000 ± 308,000 17,154,000 ± 9,304,000
  Timor-Leste 471,000 ± 261,000 18,894,000 ± 10,867,000
  Hong Kong 125,000 ± 73,000 4,269,000 ± 2,628,000
  Singapore 1,000 ± 1,000 62,000 ± 53,000
  1. Uncertainties indicated are based on standard deviation.