Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain
the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in
Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles
The proportion of carbon loss was obtained per biogeographical region and then multiplied by the remaining forest area of each region to obtain the equivalent forest loss, i.e. the Atlantic Forest area that would match the carbon losses caused by postdeforestation human impacts. The equivalent carbon loss was computed based on the equivalent forest loss and the reference values of carbon storage per biogeographical region. We assumed a value of US$5 per Mg C paid for carbon credits obtained from projects of forestry and land use.