a Sample passage shown to the participant (actual text replaced with dummy for copyright reasons). Green bounding box highlights the relevant excerpt for the factual task (box shown for visualization purposes only, participants did not see this). b Population-level gaze heatmap for the factual task, for the passage shown in (a). c Heatmap for the interpretive task for the passage shown in (a). d–f Similar to (a–c) except that the factual task appeared after the interpretive task. In both examples, gaze was more dispersed across the passage for interpretive than factual tasks.