Fig. 1: The environmental-social-economic footprints of APAC countries/regions in 1995 and 2015. | Nature Communications

Fig. 1: The environmental-social-economic footprints of APAC countries/regions in 1995 and 2015.

From: Environmental-social-economic footprints of consumption and trade in the Asia-Pacific region

Fig. 1

The six footprint indicators fall into three categories and are presented in a natural resource, b local and global environmental threats, c socio-economic effects. The eight countries/regions are aligned on the y-axis following a descending order by average income per capita in 2015. Footprints are further broken down to the impacts occurred within the country/region, abroad in other APAC countries/regions, and abroad in non-APAC countries/regions. In each subplot, the dashed line indicates the world average level. GHG (CO2, N2O, and CH4) are measured in CO2 equivalent based on the 100-year Global Warming Potential (GWP100). Note, in the plots for value added, we use the insets to show the footprint compositions of the last four countries/region. China refers to Chinese mainland, and we call Taiwan, China as Taiwan for short in the rest.

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