Bars depict the areal proportion of mining and non-mining areas that overlap with currently Protected Areas and conservation priorities (Key Biodiversity Areas and Remaining Wilderness). Mining areas were mapped using a 50-cell radius around known mining properties; non-mining areas include the remaining terrestrial land surface excluding Antarctica. Mining areas overlapped with Protected Areas and conservation priorities significantly less often than non-mining areas overlapped with Protected Areas and conservation priorities (Protected Areas: n = 2, p < 0.001; Key Biodiversity Areas: n = 2, p = 0.009; Remaining Wilderness: n = 2, p < 0.001). Results hold when comparing areas by mine status (i.e. pre-operating, operating, closed), except for closed regions overlapping with Key Biodiversity Areas, which did not differ significantly between mining and non-mining areas (n = 2, p = 0.140). Results also hold when mapping mining areas using a 10-cell radius around mining properties and when sampling the data at 300 km intervals. Note: Graphed proportions were calculated from full extent of mining and non-mining areas, whereas reported statistics were calculated using the 1 km2 cells sampled at 100-cell intervals.