a Geographic locations of the 109 canids analyzed in this study. The map was drawn by the R Packages (maps: https://CRAN.R-project.org/package = maps). b Principle component analysis of the 109 canids. c Principle component analysis of only the dingo and NGSD, red = dingo from Southeast Australia; blue = dingo from West/central Australia; brown = dingo from Northeast Australia; green = NGSD. d Structure analysis of all the 109 individuals. e A phylogenetic tree for all the 109 individuals. W, wolves (orange in tree); BV, breeds and village dogs outside China/SE Asia (sky blue in tree); NI, indigenous dogs from north China (green brown in tree); TW, Taiwan indigenous dog (gray in tree); SI, indigenous dogs from southern China (purple in tree); D, dingoes (red in tree); NGSD, New Guinea Singing Dogs (green in tree); IN, Indonesian village dogs (deep blue in tree);B, breeds; IB, intermediate breeds; EB, European breeds; PG, Papua New Guinea village dogs; ID, Indian village dogs; AI, African village dogs.