Fig. 5: The continued global downsizing of large animals results in reductions in terrestrial biosphere biomass, metabolism, and fertility. | Nature Communications

Fig. 5: The continued global downsizing of large animals results in reductions in terrestrial biosphere biomass, metabolism, and fertility.

From: The megabiota are disproportionately important for biosphere functioning

Fig. 5

The annual mean heterotrophic community biomass from three ensemble experiments using the General Ecosystem Model (GEM) mapped spatially showing a the Pleistocene world, b the difference between the Pleistocene world and Modern world and c Future world. The implications of this downsizing for the functioning of the biosphere are measured using the annual mean of the GEM experiments for the three ecosystem-level measures; d heterotrophic biomass, e heterotrophic metabolism and f nutrient diffusivity summarized into 25 mass bins. The inset graphs display the global total for each metric and are numbered (1) Pleistocene, (2) Modern and (3) Future world respectively. Global map from the 110 m land polygon shapefile from Natural Earth Data (https://www.naturalearthdata.com/downloads/110m-physical-vectors/).

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