Table 1 Vegetation and soil properties under different land uses in North Selangor, Malaysia. Mean and standard error of the mean (in brackets) are shown.

From: Greenhouse gas emissions resulting from conversion of peat swamp forest to oil palm plantation

VariableForestDrainedYoung oil palmMature oil palm
Basal area (m2 ha−1)21.58 (3.99)14.47 (2.08)ndnd
Tree density (stems ha−1)286.66 (22.05)281.46 (40.16)143 (n/a)143 (n/a)
Soil moisture (%)82.3 (28.0)46.3 (22.0)33.3 (9.0)56.6 (21.0)
Soil temp (°C)26.1 (0.52)26.9 (0.71)29.8 (0.49)27.8 (0.85)
Bulk density (g cm−3)0.10 (0.008)0.07 (0.006)0.12 (0.010)0.12 (0.018)
Organic matter (%)95.1 (0.99)92.5 (0.83)91.1 (1.69)81.3 (3.91)
pH3.6 (0.06)3.7 (0.06)3.7 (0.08)3.9 (0.08)
Water table (cm)6 (22)−14 (23)−39 (15)−21 (18)
Peat depth (cm)189 (130)329 (43)247 (43)115 (112)
  1. nd: no data