Fig. 4 | Nature Communications

Fig. 4

From: Global impacts of future cropland expansion and intensification on agricultural markets and biodiversity

Fig. 4

Spatial association between potentials for cropland intensification and endemism richness for a regular or marginal cropland users and b forest or natural habitat specialists. They are calculated using local indicators of spatial association (LISA) at 55-km resolution. High–high clusters indicate hotspot locations (red), in which areas most suitable for intensification of cropland are significantly associated with high values of cropland users/forest or natural habitat specialists (at 0.05 significance level). Low–low clusters (blue) show cold spot locations, in which areas with low potential for intensification are associated with low values of cropland users/forest or natural habitat specialists. High–low and low–high clusters show inverse spatial association

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