Fig. 5 | Nature Communications

Fig. 5

From: More frequent extreme climate events stabilize reindeer population dynamics

Fig. 5

Expected population growth rate as function of rain-on-snow (ROS), density, and age structure. The relationship is shown for combinations of two contrasting initial population densities (N = 1200 and 1700) and two initial age structures (proportion of prime-aged [3–8-year olds] = 28 and 51%), illustrating why extreme climate events do not always lead to a large population decline. Horizontal dashed line denotes population growth rate = 0