Fig. 4 | Nature Communications

Fig. 4

From: More frequent extreme climate events stabilize reindeer population dynamics

Fig. 4

Reindeer population-dynamic parameters under five different rain-on-snow (ROS) scenarios. Scenarios correspond to different distributions of observed values (1962–2014), with increased frequency of extreme ROS winters. a, b Distributions of 10,000 random samples of a population sizes and b growth rates from stochastic simulations of the population dynamics for each scenario, based on age-structured density-dependent models of vital rates. White dots show the median, boxes show the lower and upper quartiles (25th and 75th percentiles), and whiskers extend to the most extreme data point which is no more than 1.5 times the interquartile range from the box