Fig. 6 | Nature Communications

Fig. 6

From: Clothianidin seed-treatment has no detectable negative impact on honeybee colonies and their pathogens

Fig. 6

Immune gene expression at apiary level in 2013. The abundance (±95% confidence intervals) of expressed immune genes in honeybees at apiary level in 2013 in relation to the treatment (control = white bars; clothianidin-treated = grey bars) in oilseed rape fields (n = 8 fields per treatments) before and after their bloom. Immune gene expression data are presented as the log10 number of estimated mRNA copies per bee. Circles indicate measured values per colony