Fig. 5 | Nature Communications

Fig. 5

From: Clothianidin seed-treatment has no detectable negative impact on honeybee colonies and their pathogens

Fig. 5

Microorganism/parasite abundance. The abundance (±95% confidence intervals) of frequently detected target organisms (Gilliamella apicola, Snodgrassella alvi, acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV), black queen cell virus (BQCV), deformed wing virus type-A (DWV-A), deformed wing virus type-B (DWV-B), Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV), Kashmir bee virus (KBV), Lake Sinai virus 1 (LSV-1), slow bee paralysis virus (SBPV), Sacbrood virus (SBV), Nosema ceranae and Varroa destructor) in honeybee colonies in relation to the treatment (control = white bars; clothianidin-treated = grey bars) in oilseed rape fields (n = 8 fields per treatment in 2013; n = 4 control and n = 6 treated fields in 2014) before and after the oilseed rape bloom in two years (2013 and 2014). *The abundance of V. destructor was represented by the number of mites per 100 bees, while the microorganisms were expressed as log10 [units] per bee70. Microorganism abundance was not analysed (N/A) if it was detected in less than 11 samples per year. Circles indicate measured values per colony