Fig. 3 | Nature Communications

Fig. 3

From: High-throughput three-dimensional chemotactic assays reveal steepness-dependent complexity in neuronal sensation to molecular gradients

Fig. 3

Neuronal response to netrin-1 or NGF gradient of varied steepness. a βIII-tubulin fluorescence image of different angles showing the 3D morphology of a single neuron cultured in a hydrogel cylinder, scale bar, 100 µm. b Side and top views of 3D cultured hippocampal neurons (βIII-tubulin) in response to netrin-1 gradient of different steepness, scale bar, 100 µm. c Quantitative analysis of neuronal migration and related association with netrin-1 gradient steepness, n = 4, error bars indicate the standard deviation. d Box-plots for quantitative analysis of neurite guidance in response to varied netrin-1 gradient steepness, more than 25 neurites were pooled from four biological replicates. e Side and top views of 3D cultured neurons (βIII-tubulin) in response to the NGF gradient of varied steepness, scale bar, 100 µm. f Quantitative analysis of neuronal migration and related association with NGF gradient steepness, n = 4, error bars indicate the standard deviation. g Box plots for quantitative analysis of neurite guidance in response to varied NGF gradient steepness, more than 20 neurites (as indicated on top of each box) were pooled from four biological replicates. For d, g, the parts of the box indicate 25, 50 and 75 percentiles, and the whiskers indicate 5% and 95%. The square mark indicates mean of the data. For c, d, f, g, the red line indicates a logarithmic fitting of the mean. The neuronal growth pattern in each hydrogel cylinder was compared in pairwise to experiments with exactly the same configurations but without any chemotactic factor treatment (Blank-ctrl, Supplementary Fig. 6), * or **indicates a p-value <0.05 or <0.005 by paired Kruskal–Wallis tests