Fig. 4 | Nature Communications

Fig. 4

From: Ancient proteins from ceramic vessels at Çatalhöyük West reveal the hidden cuisine of early farmers

Fig. 4

Proteomic evidence of dairy products in vessels from Çatalhöyük West Mound. a The proportion of identified caseins (red), whey proteins (blue) and milk fat globule-associated proteins (yellow) in calcified deposits and inner-wall ceramic samples, b a schematic cladogram indicating the taxa of milk proteins extracted from samples of calcite and the inner ceramic vessel walls. Counts of identified dairy proteins are represented as scaled pie charts. For the Bovidae pie chart, black represents proteins assigned to Bovidae, while grey indicates those which could not be unambiguously assigned below Bovinae/Ovis. This is due to the presence of a genus-specific polymorphic amino acid in the identified peptide TPEVD(D/N/K)EALEK, where D is specific to Bovinae, N is specific to Ovis and K is specific to Capra. Because N deamidates to D, the presence of a D at this position cannot be unambiguously assigned to Bovinae or Ovis