Table 1 Wood harvest energy and potential demands

From: Europe’s renewable energy directive poised to harm global forests

Region Roundwood production Harvest volume 2015 (106 m3) Energy content of harvested wood (EJ) Total primary energy consumption 2015 (EJ)a Potential % of present primary energy supplied by 2015 roundwood harvests Plausible primary wood biomass energy required by new directive (EJ)b % of 2015 wood harvest plausibly required for expanded bioenergy in 2030c
Europe Industrial 333 3 70 4.3% 3.9 130%
  Total 428 3.85 70 5.6% 3.9 101%
World Industrial 1826 17.9 571 2.1%   
  Total 3688 36.1 571 4.2%   
  1. aBased on estimate of 0.49 tDM/m3 for the World and 0.45 tDM/m3 for Europe and 20 GJ/tDM (Supplementary Methods)
  2. bAssumes roundwood supplies 40% of mandated increase in Europe’s final renewable energy from 2015–2030, which would be mandated by RED, 35% used for bioelectricity at 25% efficiency and 65% for heat at 85% efficiency (Supplementary Note 3)
  3. cAlso assumes Europe meets 32% target increase in European economy-wide energy efficiency from 2007 levels by 2030 (Supplementary Note 3)