Table 1 Aerodynamic performance and odor mass flux over the antennae at various reduced frequencies

From: A balance between aerodynamic and olfactory performance during flight in Drosophila

Reduced frequency (k=fR/U) Lift coefficient (\(\bar C_{\rm{L}}\)) Total force coefficient (\(\bar C_{\rm{F}}\)) Aerodynamic power coefficient (\(\bar C_{{\rm{P}}{\rm{W}}}\)) Total force-to-power ratio (\(\bar C_{\rm{F}}/\bar C_{{\rm{P}}{\rm{W}}}\)) Peak odor mass flux (kg s−1 m−2) Mean odor mass flux (kg s−1 m−2)
0 (body only) 0.02 0.05 0.09 0.56 0.82 0.82
0.33 0.62 0.81 0.51 1.59 1.10 0.91
0.43 0.60 0.76 0.42 1.82 1.22 0.97
0.65 0.57 0.72 0.36 2.01 1.48 1.12
0.97 0.53 0.68 0.34 2.00 1.92 1.40
1.30 0.51 0.66 0.33 1.99 2.35 1.67
  1. The average bar (“−”) indicates the value averaged over a flapping cycle