Fig. 1: | Nature Communications

Fig. 1

From: Zebrafish and medaka offer insights into the neurobehavioral correlates of vertebrate magnetoreception

Fig. 1

Behavioral evidence for magnetoreception across the animal kingdom. a Schematic summarizing the major experimental evidence for magnetoreception in invertebrates and vertebrates as reported in the selected studies. The colored circles next to the references indicate whether the behavioral experiments provide evidence for a light-dependent mechanism (i.e. consistent with the “radical pair hypothesis”, yellow), for a light-independent mechanism (i.e. working under long-wavelength light or darkness, not consistent with a radical pair mechanism but consistent with the “magnetite hypothesis”, black) or for the presence of a dual mechanism (yellow/black). The green shadow indicates genetic model organisms that are accessible by whole-brain optical imaging. b Design of the present study performed on zebrafish and medaka at different developmental stages. Both juveniles and sexually mature fish were studied by customized behavioral assays (“locomotor activity” for juveniles and “directional preference” for sexually mature fish). Neuronal activation during the “locomotor activity” assay was mapped in medaka juveniles. dpf: days post fertilization