Fig. 6 | Nature Communications

Fig. 6

From: T cell-targeting nanoparticles focus delivery of immunotherapy to improve antitumor immunity

Fig. 6

Targeted delivery of a TLR7/8 agonist (R848) to PD-1-expressing cells promotes infiltration of CD8+ T cells into MC38 and B16 tumors. C57BL/6 mice were inoculated subcutaneously with MC38 cells (a, b) or B16 cells (c, d). Fourteen days later, a single intravenous injection was performed with the following treatment groups: (1) PBS, (2) anti-PD-1 IgG and free R848, (3) anti-PD-1 IgG and untargeted particles loaded with R848, 4) PD-1-targeting particles loaded with R848. After 72 h, tumors were collected and processed into FFPE blocks for immunohistochemistry. a, c Immunohistochemistry using anti-CD8 reveals that tumors are not highly inflamed at baseline. An increase in TILs (quantified in b, d using ImageJ software, 10 random fields per mouse, 5 mice per treatment group) is observed only if the TLR7/8 agonist is delivered via the PD-1-targeting nanoparticles. The dose per injection was 20 μg of anti-PD-1 and 60 μg of R848, n = 50, mean ± s.d. (**p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001, one-way ANOVA with Tukey’s post hoc test)

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