Figure 5: Nature Communications

Fig. 5

From: Strategies for feeding the world more sustainably with organic agriculture

Fig. 5

Year 2050 relative environmental impacts of a full conversion to organic agriculture in combination with complementary food systems strategies. Environmental impacts of organic (100% organic agriculture, yellow lines) and conventional (0% organic agriculture, blue lines) scenarios with concomitant changes in livestock feed and food waste strategies. All scenarios are shown relative to the reference scenario (i.e. 0% organic agriculture, no changes in livestock feed and food waste; dark grey line), with (dotted lines) and without (solid lines) impacts of climate change on yields; Calories are kept constant for all scenarios. The numbers on the axis indicate % impact, relative to the reference scenario; Calories are kept constant for all scenarios without food wastage reduction. Food-competing feed (FCF) use is at the levels of the reference scenario on the left, a and c, and changes towards zero FCF use to the right, b and d; wastage reduction changes from 0%, top a and b, to 50%, bottom c and d. Indicators displayed: cropland use, deforestation, GHG emissions (incl. deforestation, organic soils), N-surplus and P-surplus, water use, non-renewable energy use, soil erosion, pesticide use. Results for intermediate scenarios (50% reduction in FCF and 25% food wastage reduction) are displayed in Supplementary Fig. 10