Fig. 1 | Nature Communications

Fig. 1

From: Characterizing rare fluctuations in soft particulate flows

Fig. 1

Probability of rare fluctuations. a A typical PDF of the rescaled power \(p/\bar{p}\) for ϕ = 0.7, \(\dot{\gamma }=0.01\), and L = 30. The solid straight lines show the exponential decay of the PDF for large and small arguments. The area of the shaded region gives the probability, P(p < 0), that the local power takes a negative value, i.e., to encounter a negative power injection. b The probability to observe a negative power injection P(p < 0) as a function of packing fraction ϕ for different shear rates \(\dot{\gamma }=0.005,0.01,0.02,0.04,0.06,0.08,0.1\) and 0.2 from top to bottom, respectively, and system size L = 30. The vertical dashed line marks the critical packing fraction, ϕ J , where the jamming transition occurs in the static limit. Error bars correspond to square root of variance

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