Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

IJIR publishes special/guest-edited issues and topical collections. The peer review process for articles included in topical collections/special issues is the same as the peer review process of the journal in general. Additionally, if the Guest Editors author an article in their topical collection/special issue, they will not handle the peer review process.​

The skills and experiences needed to enhance fellowship training in reproductive urology

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. van Renterghem K, Ghazi A. Surgical education in the 21st century: implications for sexual medicine. Int J Impot Res. 2020;32:544–6.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Turner D, Nieder TO, Dekker A, Martyniuk U, Herrmann L, Briken P. Are medical students interested in sexual health education? A nationwide survey. Int J Impot Res. 2016;28:172–5.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Kristufkova A, Pinto Da Costa M, Mintziori G, Vásquez JL, Aabakke AJM, Fode M. Sexual health during postgraduate training-European survey across medical specialties. Sex Med. 2018;6:255–62.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  4. Asanad K, Nusbaum D, Fuchs G, Rodman JCS, Samplaski MK. The impact of male infertility faculty on urology residency training. Andrologia. 2022;54:e14457.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  5. Mehta A, Li PS, Goldstein M. Male infertility microsurgical training. Transl Androl Urol. 2014;3:134–41.

    PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  6. Satterwhite T, Son J, Carey J, Zeidler K, Bari S, Gurtner G, et al. Microsurgery education in residency training: validating an online curriculum. Ann Plast Surg. 2012;68:410–4.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Grober ED, Hamstra SJ, Wanzel KR, Reznick RK, Matsumoto ED, Sidhu RS, et al. Laboratory based training in urological microsurgery with bench model simulators: a randomized controlled trial evaluating the durability of technical skill. J Urol. 2004;172:378–81.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Punjani N, Kang C, Lee RK, Goldstein M, Li PS. Technological advancements in male infertility microsurgery. J Clin Med. 2021;10:4259.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  9. Hayden RP, Li PS, Goldstein M. Microsurgical vasectomy reversal: contemporary techniques, intraoperative decision making, and surgical training for the next generation. Fertil Steril. 2019;111:444–53.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Brosious JP, Tsuda ST, Menezes JM, Baynosa RC, Stephenson LL, Mohsin AG, et al. Objective evaluation of skill acquisition in novice microsurgeons. J Reconstr Microsurg. 2012;28:539–42.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. Practice Committees of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) and the Society for Reproductive Biologists and Technologists (SRBT). Electronic address: Comprehensive guidance for human embryology, andrology, and endocrinology laboratories: management and operations: a committee opinion. Fertil Steril. 2022;117:1183–202.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Goodwin PC. A primer on the fundamental principles of light microscopy: optimizing magnification, resolution, and contrast. Mol Reprod Dev. 2015;82:502–7.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Farquhar C, Marjoribanks J. Assisted reproductive technology: an overview of Cochrane Reviews. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018;8:CD010537.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  14. Walker MH, Tobler KJ. Female Infertility. [Updated 2022 May 26]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-. Available from:

  15. Dupree JM, Coward RM, Hsieh TC, Tanrikut C, Shin P, Mehta A, et al. The impact of physician productivity models on access to subspecialty care: a white paper from the society for the study of male reproduction and the society for male reproduction and urology. Urology. 2021;153:28–34.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  16. Benesch MGK, Mathieson A, Pace DE. Research and surgical residency: moving beyond one-and-done projects and motivating for scholarly excellence. Can J Surg. 2022;65:E485–6.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  17. Mata DA, Tilak G, Loeb S, Ramasamy R. Curating a digital identity: what urologists need to know about social media. Urology. 2016;97:5–7.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  18. Dubin JM, Aguiar JA, Lin JS, Greenberg DR, Keeter MK, Fantus RJ, et al. The broad reach and inaccuracy of men’s health information on social media: analysis of TikTok and Instagram. Int J Impot Res. 2022.

  19. Entezami P, Franzblau LE, Chung KC. Mentorship in surgical training: a systematic review. Hand (N. Y). 2012;7:30–6.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  20. Chen A, Harnett J, Kothari P, Ernst M. A review of mentorship in urology: are we satisfied? Curr Urol Rep. 2022;23:383–92.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



AM contributed to study concept, writing, and revision of manuscript. JW contributed to study concept, writing, and revision of manuscript. RR contributed to writing and revision of manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Akhil Muthigi.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Additional information

Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Muthigi, A., White, J. & Ramasamy, R. The skills and experiences needed to enhance fellowship training in reproductive urology. Int J Impot Res (2023).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI:


Quick links