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Long-term patient-reported outcomes in men with Peyronie’s disease undergoing nonsurgical and nonintralesional injection management

Abstract

Peyronie’s disease (PD) has a negative impact on overall quality of life for many patients and their partners. There is a significant portion of patients who elect noninvasive therapy and in this scenario we have little data with which to counsel patients. We aim to evaluate long-term patient-reported outcomes in a cohort of men with PD who elected conservative treatment. We identified all males with a diagnosis of PD evaluated at our institution by a single provider between May 2012 and January 2018. We excluded men who were <18 years old or had undergone surgical or intralesional injection (ILI) treatments. A PD-specific questionnaire was sent to those who met our inclusion criteria. 88/514 patients completed the survey and met the inclusion criteria. Penile curvature subjectively improved in 49%, remained stable in 34%, and worsened in 17%. Penile shortening was reported in 89% of patients. Penile shortening subjectively improved in 27%, remained stable in 59%, and worsened in 14%. Roughly 60% reported worsened intercourse satisfaction and erectile function. 60% reported that PD had negatively impacted their self-esteem and 69% felt that PD negatively impacted their sexual partner. Patients who utilized penile traction therapy (PTT) were significantly more likely to report improvements in penile curvature, shortening, and ability to engage in penetrative intercourse. Our survey provides important data on patient-reported outcomes in men with PD electing nonsurgical and non-ILI interventions. Although 49% of men noted at least a mild subjective improvement in their curvature over time, a majority had declining erectile function, decreased intercourse satisfaction, and psychosocial distress. These data can be used when counseling patients with a new diagnosis of PD who are considering treatment options.

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Fig. 1: Survey response data regarding perceived changes in penile curvature, pain, and length.
Fig. 2: Survey data regarding patient-reported sexual function changes over time.

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Correspondence to Edward Capoccia.

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LL is a speaker and consultant to Boston Scientific and Coloplast. The other authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Capoccia, E., Ziegelmann, M., Emmerson, J. et al. Long-term patient-reported outcomes in men with Peyronie’s disease undergoing nonsurgical and nonintralesional injection management. Int J Impot Res 33, 75–81 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41443-020-0231-y

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