Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

The combination of penile revascularization surgery with penile corrective techniques as an alternative to prosthesis implantation in patients with peyronie’s disease accompanied by erectile dysfunction: Long-term results


This study aimed to investigate the long-term outcomes of the surgical combination of revascularization and penile corrective techniques after having obtained promising preliminary results from a previous study. Between 2008 and 2015, the combined treatment was undertaken for 60 patients with Peyronie’s disease and erectile dysfunction. A preoperative urological evaluation was performed with penile color Doppler ultrasonography, electromyography of the corpus cavernosum and cavernosometry. All the patients completed 15-item and 5-item IIEFs preoperatively and at postoperative follow-up. The mean age of the patients was 53.78 ± 6.48 years ranging from 47 to 63. The mean follow-up period was 48 (14–68) months. The degree of penile angulation was >40 in all the patients. Urethra dissection was required in five patients. Penile disassembly was performed on one patient due to distal complex corporeal deformity. None of the patients reported complications after surgery. The mean total IIEF score was reported to be 25.4 ± 2.8 before the operation and 52.23 ± 1.2 at the end of the follow-up (p < 0.05). The mean IIEF-5 score was 7.3 ± 1.3 preoperatively and 20.9 ± 1.9 at the end of follow-up (p < 0.05). The results of IIEF-15 for erectile function demonstrated that 32 patients had a cutoff value of >26, indicating no ED. Although all patients had complete penile straightening, 7 (11.66%) reported shortening of the penis but was not dissatisfied with the treatment. The number of patients satisfied with the outcomes of the operation was 53. The statistically significant improvement and satisfactory results achieved with the IIEF questionnaires suggest that the proposed combined treatment could be an alternative to penile prosthesis in highly selected patients with Peyronie’s disease, particularly those with erectile dysfunction; however, more studies are needed to confirm these results.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4


  1. 1.

    Kayigil O, Okulu E. The combination of penile revascularization surgery with penile corrective techniques as an alternative to prosthesis implantation in patients with Peyronie’s disease having ED: Preliminary results. IJIR 2013;25:166–71.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Kayigil O, Okulu E, Aldemir M, Onen E. Penile revascularization surgery in vasculogenic erectile dysfunction (ED): Long erm follow-up. BJU Int 2012;109:109–15.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Kayigil O, Agras K, Aldemir M, Okulu E. The combination of vein grafting and two different types of corporeal plication in complex curvature due to Peyronie’s disease. Urol Int 2010;84:275–81.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Furlow WL, Fisher J, Knoll LD. Current status of penile revascularization with deep dorsal vein arterialization: experience with 95 patients. Int J Impot Res 1990;2(Suppl 2):348.

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Kayıgil O, Ahmed SI, Metin A. Deep dorsal vein arterialization in pure caverno-occlusive dysfunction. Eur Urol 2000;37:345–59.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Rosen RC, Riley A, Wagner G, Osterloh IH, Kirkpatrick J, Mishra A. The International Index of erectile function (IIEF). A multidimensional scale for assessment of erectile function. Urology 1997;49:822–30.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Raz S, De Kernion JB, Kaufman JJ. Surgical treatment of Peyronie’s disease: a new approach. J Urol 1977;117:598.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Knoll LD, Furlow WL, Benson RC Jr. Management of Peyronie disease by implantation of inflatable penile prosthesis. Urology 1990;36:406–9.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Rahman NU, Carrion RE, Bochinski D, Lue TF. Combined penile plication surgery and insertion of penile prosthesis for severe penile curvature and erectile dysfunction. J Urol 2004;171(6 Pt 1):2346–9.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Kayıgil O, Agras K, Metin A. Relaxation degree of cavernous smooth muscle: a novel parameter to predict postoperative success in penile revascularization. In Urol Nephrol 2007;39:1203–8.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Manning M, Junemann KP, Scheepe JR, Braun P, Krautschick A, Alken P. Long-Term follow-up and selection criteria for penile revasculazation in erectile failure. J Urol 1998;160:1680–4.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Kropman RF, Schipper JV, van Oostayen JA, Lycklama A, Nijeholt AA, Meainhardt W. The value of increased end diastolic velocity during penile duplex sonography in relation to pathological venous leakage in erectile dysfunction. J Urol 1992;148:314–7.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Kim SC, Moon YT, Oh CH. Non- visualization versus normal appearance of cavernous arteries on selective internal pudendal pharmaco-angiograms: comparison with duplex scanning, cavernosal artery systolic occlusion pressure and penile brachial index. Br J Urol 1994;73:185–9.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Kayigil O, Atahan O, Metin A. Electrical activity of the corpus cavernosum in patients with corporal veno-occlusive dysfunction. Br J Urol 1996;77:261–5.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Kayigil O, Atahan O, Metin A. Electromyographic changes of corpus cavernosum due to papaverine and nitroprusside in veno-occlusive dysfunction. J Urol 1996;156:1316–9.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Kayigil O, Ergen A. Caverno-occlusive and autonomic dysfunction: a new concept in young patients. Eur Urol 1998;34:124–7.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Zumbe J, Drawz G, Wicdemann A, Grozinger K, Engelmann U. Indications for penile revascularization and long term results. Andrologia 1999;31:83–87.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Vardi Y, Gruenwald I, Gedalia U, Nessar S, Engel A, Har-Shai Y. Evaluation of penile revascularization for erectile dysfunction: a 10 year follow-up. Int J of Impot Res 2004;16:181–6.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Kawanishi Y, Kimura K, Nakanishi R, Kojima K, Numata A. Penile revascularization surgery for arteriogenic erectile dysfunction: the long-term efficacy rate calculated by survival analysis. BJU Int 2004;94:361–8.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Onder Kayigil.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kayigil, O., Okulu, E., Akdemir, F. et al. The combination of penile revascularization surgery with penile corrective techniques as an alternative to prosthesis implantation in patients with peyronie’s disease accompanied by erectile dysfunction: Long-term results. Int J Impot Res 30, 71–78 (2018).

Download citation


Quick links