Our recent work demonstrates that infusion of sodium butyrate (NaBu) into the renal medulla blunts angiotensin II-induced hypertension and improves renal injury. The present study aimed to test whether oral administration of NaBu attenuates salt-sensitive hypertension in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)/salt-treated rats. Uninephrectomized male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were treated with DOCA pellets (150 mg/rat) plus 1% NaCl drinking water for 2 weeks. Animals received oral administration of NaBu (1 g/kg) or vehicle once per day. Our results showed that NaBu administration significantly attenuated DOCA/salt-increased mean arterial pressure from 156 ± 4 mmHg to 136 ± 1 mmHg. DOCA/salt treatment markedly enhanced renal damage as indicated by an increased ratio of kidney weight/body weight, elevated urinary albumin, extensive fibrosis, and inflammation, whereas kidneys from NaBu-treated rats exhibited a significant reduction in these renal damage responses. Compared to the DOCA/salt group, the DOCA/salt-NaBu group had ~30% less salt water intake and decreased Na+ and Cl- excretion in urine but no alteration in 24-h urine excretion. Mechanistically, NaBu inhibited the protein levels of several sodium transporters stimulated by DOCA/salt in vivo, such as βENaC, γENaC, NCC, and NKCC-2. Further examination showed that NaBu downregulated the expression of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and serum and glucocorticoid-dependent protein kinase 1 (SGK1) in DOCA/salt-treated rats or aldosterone-treated human renal tubular duct epithelial cells. These results provide evidence that NaBu may attenuate DOCA/salt-induced hypertension and renal damage by inhibiting the MR/SGK1 pathway.
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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China Grant No. 81600322 and No. 81770707.
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Wu, C., Chen, Z., Zhang, L. et al. Sodium butyrate ameliorates deoxycorticosterone acetate/salt-induced hypertension and renal damage by inhibiting the MR/SGK1 pathway. Hypertens Res 44, 168–178 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41440-020-00548-3
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