Table 4 Comparison of genetic diversity of bears in Greece (in bold) with other brown bear populations in the region [values, except for the present study, are from Skrbinšek et al. (2012c) and Karamanlidis et al. (2014a, b)]

From: History-driven population structure and asymmetric gene flow in a recovering large carnivore at the rear-edge of its European range

Area (population) N NCL A (S.E.) He (S.E.) Art (S.E.) Her (S.E.)
Romania1 (C) 16 9 7.78 (0.81) 0.81 (0.010) 1.51 (0.23) 1.16 (0.05)
Romania2 (C) 109 13 8.46 (0.57) 0.80 (0.014) 1.34 (0.15) 1.09 (0.04)
Rodopi, Greece (EB) 15 10 6.27 (0.56) 0.74 (0.020) 1.20 (0.16) 1.05 (0.05)
FYR Macedonia (DPSE) 14 10 5.03 (0.51) 0.70 (0.028) 1.17 (0.16) 1.03 (0.05)
Croatia (DPNW) 156 12 7.58 (0.54) 0.74 (0.028) 1.17 (0.14) 1.01 (0.05)
Slovenia (DPNW)a 513 20 6.68 (0.41 0.73 (0.020) 1.00 (0.06) 1.00 (0.03)
N Slovakia (C) 71 13 6.08 (0.29) 0.71 (0.025) 0.98 (0.10) 0.97 (0.05)
Serbia (DPSE) 10 11 5.25 (1.42) 0.67 (0.162) 0.96 (0.07) 1.08 (0.12)
E Slovakia (C) 16 13 5.23 (0.22) 0.65 (0.028) 0.96 (0.09) 0.91 (0.05)
Central Slovakia (C) 96 13 6.00 (0.25) 0.70 (0.031) 0.95 (0.09) 0.95 (0.05)
Pindos N, Greece (DPSE) 65 10 5.45 (0.37) 0.66 (0.032) 0.93 (0.10) 0.90 (0.05)
Vitsi-Varnoundas, Greece (DPSE) 62 10 5.36 (0.41) 0.69 (0.019) 0.92 (0.10) 0.94 (0.04)
Pindos S/C, Greece (DPSE) 99 10 5.27 (0.33) 0.68 (0.029) 0.88 (0.09) 0.93 (0.05)
Apennines, Italy (A) 17 9 2.44 (0.24) 0.44 (0.069) 0.63 (0.10) 0.47 (0.05)
  1. N = number of individuals, NCL = number of loci in common with the reference population (used for comparison), A (S.E.) = allelic diversity for the common loci and standard error, He (S.E.) = expected heterozygosity for the common loci and standard error, A rt (S.E.) = Allelic Ratio and standard error, H er (S.E.) = Heterozygosity Ratio and standard error
  2. aReference population Populations: C Carpathian, DPSE Dinaric–Pindos Southeast, DPNW Dinaric–Pindos Northwest, EB East Balkan, A Apennine