Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Comment on: Epimax-related ocular surface toxicity (EROST): the Glasgow experience

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. Mulholland C, Macdonald E, Lockington D. Epimax-related ocular surface toxicity (EROST): the Glasgow experience. Eye. 2023.

  2. Sullivan DA, da Costa AX, Del Duca E, Doll T, Grupcheva CN, Lazreg S, et al. TFOS lifestyle: Impact of cosmetics on the ocular surface. Ocul Surf 2023;29:77–130.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Final report on the safety assessment of Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil. Hydrogenated Castor oil, glyceryl ricinoleate, glyceryl ricinoleate SE, ricinoleic acid, potassium ricinoleate, sodium ricinoleate, zinc ricinoleate, cetyl ricinoleate, ethyl ricinoleate, glycol ricinoleate, isopropyl ricinoleate, methyl ricinoleate, and octyldodecyl ricinoleate. Int J Toxicol. 2007;3:31–77.

  4. Gaginella TS, Haddad AC, Go VL, Phillips SF. Cytotoxicity of ricinoleic acid (castor oil) and other intestinal secretagogues on isolated intestinal epithelial cells. J Pharm Exp Therapeut. 1977;201:259–66. [256]National Toxicology Program (NTP). U.S. Department.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



JR conceived of study. The paper was written by AS and edited by RM and JR.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jonathan C. P. Roos.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

JCPR and RM have no conflict of interest. AGS is the executive director of the TFOSS and also owner of ESSIRI Labs, a manufacturer of cosmetics focused on Eye safety. There was no funding for this research.

Additional information

Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sullivan, A.G., Murthy, R. & Roos, J.C.P. Comment on: Epimax-related ocular surface toxicity (EROST): the Glasgow experience. Eye (2023).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI:


Quick links