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Deprivation and the location of primary care optometry services in England

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Fig. 1: Optometric practice rates per Index of Multiple Deprivation decile.


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Authors and Affiliations



RAH, JH and CHF conceived and designed the study, supported by JR and MB. JH performed the analyses, supported by RAH and CHF; RAH wrote the manuscript; JH, CHF, JR and MB provided critical review of the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Robert A. Harper.

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Harper, R.A., Hooper, J., Fenerty, C.H. et al. Deprivation and the location of primary care optometry services in England. Eye (2023).

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