Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

A pilot project evaluation of a novel heads-up viewing system compared to desktop microscopes commonly used for ophthalmic simulation

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: Photo illustrating viewing equipment currently used for ophthalmic simulation in Glasgow.


  1. Royal College of Ophthalmologists. Simulation 2022 [Accessed August 2022; Available from:].

  2. Lockington D, Saleh GM, Spencer AF, Ferris J Cost and time resourcing for ophthalmic simulation in the UK: a Royal College of Ophthalmologists’ National Survey of regional simulation leads in 2021. Eye. 2021.

  3. Campbell S, Hind J, Lockington D. Engagement with ophthalmic simulation training has increased following COVID-19 disruption-the educational culture change required? Eye. 2021;35:2660–1.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Maubon L, Mamtora S, Aggarwal K, Neo YN, Khan S, Lockington D. Ophthalmic surgery techniques can be simulated and supervised remotely in the home environment: a proof-of-concept report. Eye 2022;36:1108–10.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Agranat JS, Miller JB, Douglas VP, Douglas KAA, Marmalidou A, Cunningham MA, et al. The scope of three-dimensional digital visualization systems in vitreoretinal surgery. Clin Ophthalmol. 2019;13:2093–6.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



DL had the initial idea. JH and CS organised the training event and drafted the article. DL revised the article and provided senior support. All authors agree with the final submitted version.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to David Lockington.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Additional information

Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Hind, J., Shipton, C. & Lockington, D. A pilot project evaluation of a novel heads-up viewing system compared to desktop microscopes commonly used for ophthalmic simulation. Eye (2023).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI:


Quick links