Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Screening for sickle-cell retinopathy

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. Dinah C, Greystoke B, Mueller I, Talks J. Action on sickle cell retinopathy: the time is now. Eye. 2022;36:1138–9.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. UK National Screening Programme. Criteria for a population screening programme. 2022.

  3. Downes SM, Hambleton IR, Chuang EL, Lois N, Serjeant GR, Bird AC. Incidence and natural history of proliferative sickle cell retinopathy: observations from a cohort study. Ophthalmology. 2005;112:1869–75.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. NICE Technology appraisal guidance [TA743]. Crizanlizumab for preventing sickle cell crises in sickle cell disease. 2021.

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



Concept, draft and online submission: PTA; final draft and accuracy check: PTA, RS.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Pammal T. Ashwin.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Additional information

Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Ashwin, P.T., Sivaraj, R. Screening for sickle-cell retinopathy. Eye 37, 375 (2023).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links