Hydroxychloroquine baseline retinopathy screening: when to refer patients? A practical approach to optimise resource use

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1.

    Gordon C, Amissah-Arthur M-B, Gayed M, Brown S, Bruce IN, D’Cruz D, et al. The British Society for Rheumatology guideline for the management of systemic lupus erythematosus in adults: executive summary. Rheumatology. 2018;57:14–8. https://academic.oup.com/rheumatology/article/57/1/14/4318864

  2. 2.

    National clinical audit for rheumatoid and early inflammatory arthritis. (2018). https://www.hqip.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/rheumatoid-and-early-inflammatory-arthritis-2nd-annual-report-2016.pdf

  3. 3.

    Melles RB, Marmor MF. The risk of toxic retinopathy in patients on long-term hydroxychloroquine therapy. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014;132:1453. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2014.3459

  4. 4.

    Hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine retinopathy: recommendations on screening. (2018). https://www.rcophth.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Hydroxychloroquine-and-Chloroquine-Retinopathy-Screening-Guideline-Recommendations.pdf

  5. 5.

    Clinical commissioning group population estimates (National Statistics). Office for National Statistics. (2019). https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/datasets/clinicalcommissioninggroupmidyearpopulationestimates

  6. 6.

    Pearce FA, Grainge MJ, King AJ, Lanyon PC. O39 Implementing screening for hydroxychloroquine ocular toxicity: how big is the problem? Epidemiology of hydroxychloroquine prescriptions in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Rheumatology. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kez105.037/5444578

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Audrey Low.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Yeo, B., Hamad, R., Paul, A. et al. Hydroxychloroquine baseline retinopathy screening: when to refer patients? A practical approach to optimise resource use. Eye (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41433-020-0794-3

Download citation