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National incidence of eyelid cancer in Ireland (2005–2015)

Abstract

Aims

We report on the incidence of cutaneous eyelid tumours in Ireland over the 11-year-period from 2005 to 2015, we identify associations between demographic factors and cutaneous eyelid tumour risk.

Methods

Skin cancers, including basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), melanoma, and other cancers, located on the eyelid or canthus according to ICD-10 coding, as registered by the National Cancer Registry of Ireland (NCRI), were captured from the period 2005 to 2015. Age standardised rates (ASR) were calculated according to the European Standard Population (2013). Longitudinal data analysis using linear regression, and associations with age and sex were evaluated with the statistics program R.

Results

There were 4824 patients diagnosed with eyelid BCC during the study period, the ASR in men and women was mean 15.87 and 13.49 per 100,00, respectively. The relative risk for eyelid BCC in men compared with women was 1.18, age was associated with incidence. There were 528 patients diagnosed with SCC; the ASR of eyelid SCC in men and women was 2.10 and 1.39 per 100,000, respectively, and increased in women annually (β = 0.07, p = 0.0005). The relative risk for eyelid SCC in men compared with women was 1.51, and age was exponentially associated with SCC. Melanoma and other eyelid tumours were uncommon—50 and 55 cases, respectively.

Conclusion

Incidence of both BCC and SCC increases with age and male sex. The incidence of eyelid SCC is increasing in women, and under age 50, eyelid BCC is more common in women than men.

Synopsis

We describe the recent incidence of eyelid cancers in Ireland, from National Cancer Registry Data. We find eyelid BCC, and also SCC, are associated with increased age. Rate of eyelid SCC is increasing in women.

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. Sligo University Hospital, Sligo, Ireland

    • Clare Quigley
    • , Emily Hughes
    •  & Shivona Chetty
  2. National Cancer Registry Ireland, Cork Airport Business Park, Cork, Ireland

    • Sandra Deady
  3. Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia

    • Elizabeth McElnea
  4. Department of Public Health & Primary Care, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

    • Lina Zgaga

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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Clare Quigley.

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41433-019-0437-8