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The Royal College of Ophthalmologists’ National Ophthalmology Database Study of cataract surgery. Report 5: Clinical outcome and risk factors for posterior capsule rupture and visual acuity loss following cataract surgery in patients aged 90 years and older

Abstract

Background

Older age is commonly associated with an increased risk of surgical complications and comparatively poor outcomes.

Purpose

To report cataract surgery outcomes and risk indicators for patients aged 90 years and older.

Methods

Data collected as part of routine cataract care in 34 centres contributing to the United Kingdom Royal College of Ophthalmologists’ National Ophthalmology Database (NOD) were analysed. Very elderly people undergoing cataract surgery were profiled in terms of demographics, pre- and postoperative best-measured visual acuity (VA), ocular co-morbidities, intraoperative posterior capsule rupture (PCR) or vitreous loss or both, and risk indicators for operative PCR and adverse VA outcome.

Results

25,856 cataract operations in 19,166 people of 90 years or older between 2000 and 2014 are reported. Preoperative VA was available for 82.4% eyes, being 0.30 LogMAR or better in 21.5%. Postoperative VA was available for 61.8% eyes, being 0.30 LogMAR or better in 74.4%. For those without ocular co-morbidity, postoperative VA was 0.30 LogMAR or better in 84.7%. Various co-morbidities were present in 49% and contributed to an adverse VA outcome. PCR data were available for all operations and occurred in 2.7%. Significant risk indicators for PCR included pseudoexfoliation/phakodonesis, mature cataract, smaller pupil and worse preoperative VA.

Conclusions

Slightly poorer cataract surgery outcome results were noted in patients of 90 years or older, more so in patients with ocular co-morbidity which was highly prevalent. However, surgeons should not be deterred from offering cataract surgery to the very elderly as successful visual rehabilitation remains achievable.

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Acknowledgements

Data were collected on behalf of the Healthcare Quality Improvement Partnership (HQIP) by the Royal College of Ophthalmologists (National Ophthalmology Database Audit provider) as part of the National Clinical Audit and Patient Outcomes Programme. We note with deep regret the death of our friend and colleague Robert Johnston, who died in September 2016. Without his inspirational vision, determination and career long commitment to quality improvement in ophthalmology this work would not have been possible.

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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Correspondence to D. M. Tole.

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