Table 3 HR of the ON for the OSA patients with different management

From: Association between obstructive sleep apnea and optic neuropathy: a Taiwanese population-based cohort study

OSA status N Event PYs Rate Adjusted HR (95% CI)
Comparison cohort 51,290 132 233,839 5.64 Ref.
OSA without management 3286 19 14,950 12.7 1.82 (1.12–2.97)
OSA treated with CPAP only 829 7 3535 19.8 2.31 (1.07–4.99)
OSA treated with surgery only 922 4 4569 8.76 2.42 (0.88–6.62)
OSA treated with CPAP + surgery 92 0 478 0
  1. Model was adjusted for age, sex, hypertension, DM, atherosclerosis, CAD, hyperlipidemia, and migraine
  2. ON optic neuropathy, HR hazard ratio, DM diabetes mellitus, CAD coronary artery disease, OSA obstructive sleep apnea, CPAP continuous positive airway pressure, UPPP uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, CO2 carbon dioxide
  3. Surgery included (1) oropharyngeal surgery: resection of palatine tonsil, adenoid tonsillectomy, UPPP; (2) nasal surgery: unilateral or bilateral electric cauterization of nasal turbinate, submucous resection of septum, total or partial turbinectomy, unilateral or bilateral septomeatal plasty, unilateral or bilateral submucous turbinectomy, inferior turbinoplasty, septal reconstruction/septoplasty, CO2 laser for allergic rhinitis, submucosal diathermy