The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of vitamin E in rheumatoid arthritis patients.
A computerized search of PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases was conducted to find published randomized controlled trials of vitamin E in rheumatoid arthritis; the experimental group was treated with vitamin E, while the control group was treated with placebo, other drugs, or external therapy; the search period was from the time each database was established to December 31, 2021, and a meta-analysis was conducted using Rev Man 5.4 software.
This research eventually comprised nine publications with a total of 39,845 patients. Vitamin E supplementation was shown to be more effective in individuals with RA for sensitive joints (MD = −1.66, 95% CI − −6.32–2.99; I2 = 93%; P < 0.00001) and swollen joints (MD = −0.46, 95% CI − −1.98–1.07; I2 = 56%; P = 0.08).
Vitamin E’s ability to restore the intestinal barrier and improve the gastrointestinal tract may be linked to the prevention and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Vitamin E supplements used on a regular basis can help individuals with RA reduce joint discomfort, edema, and stiffness, as well as enhance their overall quality of life.
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We gratefully acknowledge ms. Weijing Fan. She is thanked for her silent support and advice to the first author. We are very grateful for her help with different aspects of the study. Thanks also to her for her assistance in preparing this manuscript. We hope ms. Weijin Fan will marry the first author.
This study was supported by funding from the Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province (No. 2021JM569, No. 2018JM7081).
The authors declare no competing interests.
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Kou, H., Qing, Z., Guo, H. et al. Effect of vitamin E supplementation in rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Clin Nutr 77, 166–172 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-022-01148-9