Brief Communication | Published:

Consumption of ultraprocessed foods, nutritional status, and dyslipidemia in schoolchildren: a cohort study

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2019) | Download Citation


This study evaluates the relation between consumption of ultraprocessed foods, nutritional status, and dyslipidemia in schoolchildren from Recife/PE, Brazil. This is a cohort study conducted in 2008–2009 and 2012–2013, with 238 students recruited from the public school system of the city of Recife, Northeast Brazil. Demographic data, stage of sexual maturation, socioeconomic, lifestyle, anthropometric, and lipid profiles were collected. There was a high prevalence of overweight, abdominal obesity, and dyslipidemia in both the time periods. The number of teenagers sufficiently active was higher in 2012–2013. There was a positive correlation between the consumption of ultraprocessed foods and age in 2008–2009. In 2008–2009, high consumption of ultraprocessed foods occurred in the majority of adolescents with normal total serum cholesterol values. In 2012–2013, low maternal schooling proved to be an important factor for a lower consumption of ultraprocessed foods. The consumption of ultraprocessed foods showed no direct relationship with overweight, abdominal obesity, and dyslipidemia in adolescents.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Additional information

Publisher’s note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.


  1. 1.

    Faria-Neto JR, Bentol VFR, Baenal CP, Olandoski M, Gonçalves GO, Abreu MGA, et al. ERICA: prevalência de dislipidemia em adolescentes brasileiros. Rev Saude Publica. 2016;50(Suppl 1):10s.

  2. 2.

    Bloch KV, Klein CH, Szklo M, Kuschnir MC, Abreu MGA, Barufaldi LA, et al. ERICA: prevalências de hipertensão arterial e obesidade em adolescentes brasileiros. Rev Saude Publica. 2016;50(Suppl 1):9s.

  3. 3.

    Brasileira/Ministério da Saúde, Secretaria de Atenção à Saúde, Departamento de Atenção Básica. Guia Alimentar para a População. 2nd ed. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde; 2014.

  4. 4.

    Florindo AA, Romero A, Peres SV, Silva MV, Slater B. Development and validation of a physical activity assesment quenstionaire for adolescentes. Rev Saude Publica. 2006;40:802–9.

  5. 5.

    American Academy of Pediatrics. Children, adolescents, and television. Comm Public Educ Pediatr. 2001;107:423–6.

  6. 6.

    Fórnes NS, Martins IS, Velásquez-Meléndez G. Latorre MRDO. Escores de consumo alimentar e níveis lipêmicos em população de São Paulo, Brasil. Rev Saude Publica. 2002;36:12–18.

  7. 7.

    Moubarac JC, Martins AP, Claro RM, Levy RB, Cannon G, Monteiro CA. Consumption of ultra-processed foods and likely impacton human health. Evidence from Canada. Public Health Nutr. 2013;16:2240–8.

  8. 8.

    Louzada MLC, Martins APB, Canella DS, Baraldi LG, Levy RB, Claro RM, et al. Alimentos ultraprocessados e perfil nutricional da dieta no Brasil. Rev Saude Publica. 2015;49:1–10.

  9. 9.

    Rocha NP, Milagresa LC, Longo GZ, Ribeiro AQ, Novaes JF. Association between dietary pattern and cardiometabolic risk in children and adolescents: a systematic review. J Pediatr. 2017;93:214–22.

  10. 10.

    Pereira PB, Arruda IKG, Cavalcanti AMTS, Diniz AS. Perfil lipídico em escolares de Recife—PE. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2010;95:606–13.

  11. 11.

    Kit BK, Kuklina E, Carroll MD, Ostchega Y, Freedman DS, Ogden CL. Prevalence of and trends in dyslipidemia and blood pressure among US children and adolescents, 1999−2012. JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169:272–9.

  12. 12.

    Rauber F, Campagnolo PD, Hoffman DJ, Vitolo MR. Consumption of ultra-processed food products and its effects on children’s lipid profiles: a longitudinal study. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2015;25:116–22.

  13. 13.

    Louzada MLC, Baraldi LG, Steele EM, Martins APB, Canella DS, Mourabac JC, et al. Consumption of ultra-processed foods and obesity in Brazilian adolescents and adults. Prev Med. 2015;81:9–15.

  14. 14.

    Silva FM, Giatti L, Figueiredo RC, Molina MDCB, de Oliveira Cardoso L, Ducan BB, et al. Consumption of ultra-processed food and obesity: cross sectional results from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) cohort (2008−2010). Public Health Nutr. 2018;21:2271–9.

Download references


We thank all the participants of the research for enabling this study.


This work was supported by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq).

Author information


  1. Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil

    • Patrícia Calado Ferreira Pinheiro Gadelha
  2. Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil

    • Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda
    • , Regiane Maio
    •  & Alcides da Silva Diniz
  3. University Hospital of Alagoas, Maceió, Brazil

    • Patrícia Brazil Pereira Coelho
  4. University Center Estácio of Recife, Recife, Brazil

    • Pedrita Mirella Albuquerque Queiroz


  1. Search for Patrícia Calado Ferreira Pinheiro Gadelha in:

  2. Search for Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda in:

  3. Search for Patrícia Brazil Pereira Coelho in:

  4. Search for Pedrita Mirella Albuquerque Queiroz in:

  5. Search for Regiane Maio in:

  6. Search for Alcides da Silva Diniz in:

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Patrícia Calado Ferreira Pinheiro Gadelha.

About this article

Publication history