Melanin, a black component of human hair, plays an important role in bright structural colorations in nature. For example, the beautiful and highly visible colorations of peacock feathers are achieved by periodic structures formed by melanin granules that have light absorbing capabilities. In recent years, polydopamine, which is easily obtained by the self-oxidative polymerization of dopamine, has attracted attention as a mimic of natural melanin. This focus review provides an overview of our recent research on structural color materials created using polydopamine-based artificial melanin particles and research trends in this area.
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These studies were financially supported by JSPS KAKENHI (grant numbers 15H01593, 16K14072, and 17H03110), the Noguchi Institute, the JGC-S Scholarship Foundation, the Murata Science Foundation, the Hatayama Foundation, the Konica Minolta Science and Technology Foundation, the Iketani Science and Technology Foundation, the Toyo Gosei Memorial Foundation, and a Chiba University Venture Business Laboratory project. I am deeply grateful to the collaborators and students listed in the papers cited.
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Kohri, M. Artificial melanin particles: new building blocks for biomimetic structural coloration. Polym J 51, 1127–1135 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41428-019-0231-2
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